Мой проект очень актуален, потому что он помогает людям в наиболее крсочном представлении информации, позволяющей изучить иностранный язык.
Автор: Бойцова Инна Алексеевна
Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение
«Лицей №3 им. П.А.Столыпина г.Ртищево Саратовской области»
Создание лэпбуков по теме:
«Москва и Лондон - столицы двух разных стран»
ученица 9а класса
учитель иностранного языка (английского)
2. Part I. Comparison of two capitals……………...……………………………..4
2.1. Sights of London and Moscow…………………….………………………….4
2.2. Historical facts about the capitals………….………………………………….5
2.3. Similarities and differences between Moscow and London…………….…….6
3. Part II. The population and religion of two countries…………………...............9
3.1.The population of Moscow and London…………..………………..………….9
3.2.Religion of Moscow and London…………………………..…………………10
4. Part III. Creating a lapbook ………………………………………………...….13
4.1.The concept of the word lapbook …………………………..……………..….13
4.2.Description of the process of creating lapbooks ……………………...………13
6. The list of the bibliographic sources...................……………………………….16
Lately, in our country there is a growing interest in studying the culture of other countries and peoples, especially the English-speaking. On the other hand, we love the country and the city in which we were born and live, we respect its past and present, we are proud of our country and its complicated history and magnificent capital.
In connection with the foregoing, we thought it important to continue to learn more about the similarities and differences between two capitals, their populations, religions and sights.
The Purpose is determine the similarities and differences between two capitals, their populations, religions and sights.
The tasks of our project are:
- to explore the similarities and differences between two capitals in their populations and religions;
- to read the modern appearance of two capitals, and their sights;
- to make a comparative analysis;
- to create lapbooks «Two capitals: Moscow and London»
The object of our project is the similarities and differences between two capitals, their populations, religions and sights.
The subject of our project is a comparative analysis of two capitals.
The hypothesis of our project is the two capitals have similar features because people living in different countries and speaking different languages have much in common. Perhaps it is possible due to the common cultural roots.
Practical significance of the project:
1) to fix the method of project implementation;
2) Practically apply the knowledge gained in the study of topics in English lessons.
3) Can I use the ability to make lapbook in all subjects, organize gifts for friends and family.
Thanks to lapbooks you can quickly find information about Moscow and London.
Project and research method was used during preparation of this work:
studying theoretical material on this topic;
analyzing each country separately and studied materials
project preparation in presentation form and making an album.
Part I. Comparison of two capitals
1.1. Sights of London and Moscow .
Now we consider the attractions of the capital - London:
London National Gallery - this is one of the largest art galleries in the UK capital. This museum is more than two thousand paintings by Western artists in the period from the twelfth to the twentieth century. This collection is really striking in its grandeur
The State Tretyakov Gallery is one of the largest museums in the world. Her popularity is almost legendary. To see its treasures, hundreds of thousands of people come each year to Lavroushinsky quiet lane that is located in one of the oldest districts of Moscow, in Zamoskvorechye.
The height of the Moscow bridge more than a hundred meters from the bridge offers an overview on the hills and Krylatskiye Serebryany Bor. Scenic bridge visible housing complex Scarlet Sails and, of course, the Moscow River in all its glory. Bridges crossing the river are not traditionally across and along the river. The length of the Picturesque bridge - about 1.5 kilometers. The bridge itself and the guys are painted in bright red color, it can be seen from afar and causes only positive emotions.
Tower Bridge in London - a drawbridge, which is located in the heart of the UK capital.
It is situated in an excellent location on the River Thames, in close proximity to the Tower of London.
Tourists are often confused with London Bridge, facing upstream.
Buckingham Palace - a magnificent, stately building, which are royal ceremonies and hosts exhibitions of royal collections. Luxury Apartments keep many family jewels. Guests and visitors to take in the royal garden with a lake and waterfalls, where you can see the beautiful flamingos. Private apartments of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh are in the north wing of the building.
Now it's time to consider the sights of our native capital - Moscow:
Here it is, the fabulous handsome - Palace of Alexey Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye. Opening of the first palace in Kolomenskoye was held in 1672. In the seventeenth century the real palace in Kolomenskoye caused jubilation among his contemporaries, foreign guests called it "the eighth wonder of the world." So it was beautiful and unusual. However, the palace was made of wood, so it stood for about 100 years. Catherine II ordered to disassemble the palace, and the palace to carry out detailed measurements. She was wise, perhaps useful!
St Paul's Cathedral - the cathedral, which is the spiritual center of London, there is also the residence of the Bishop of London. Construction of the cathedral began after the unfortunate fire in 1666 - historians have noted the symbolic meaning of this numerological year. New Cathedral is a symbol of rebirth and celebration of divine light. In St. Paul took place the ceremony of Prince Charles' wedding to Princess Diana in 1981
Christ the Savior Cathedral - This monumental structure can be seen from many angles thanks to the fact that is located on a hill. Construction of the temple began in the distant 1839 and lasted almost 50 years. The history of the erection of the monument to Russian soldiers who won the war of 1812, lasted for several centuries.
Piccadilly Street - one of the most famous streets of the UK capital. Here strolling famous London dandy here at various times lived writers outstanding: Byron Graham Greene. Striking Piccadilly and its architecture, there is a really magnificent buildings: Albany, Burlington arcade, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. This street has always been considered a symbol of prestige and elegance of the famous English.
Arbat - famous street in Moscow. It got its name in 1493. The origin of the place name is still a mystery, but there is some speculation of historians on this matter. Many adhere to the hypothesis of the historian VK Trutovsky that the name came from the Arab traders, who often used the word in the speech rabad everyday life. This word is translated as "suburbs"
1.2. Historical facts about the capitals.
The number of residents of the capital of Great Britain reaches 8.2 million people - it is the largest city of the European Union and the 16th in the world
The area of London is 1,706.8 square kilometers.
Cars in London drive on the left side of the street, and the natives of London strongly believe that this side of the road is the right one.
Through the capital passes the zero meridian, which is also called Greenwich after the name of the district of the city Greenwich
There are as many as five international airports at London’s disposal, one of which, Heathrow, is the world's busiest airport.
There are almost never traffic jams in the city center - most likely because the entrance to the center of the capital is paid.
On average, about half of the people on the main streets of the capital of Great Britain are tourists.
It is very difficult to become a taxi driver in London - there are more than 1000 streets in the city, and every taxi driver should know them as a souvenir. To do this, drivers of 3 years pass special training courses.
On average, each Londoner appears daily on 50 surveillance cameras and 15 tourist photographs, so residents try to smile more often
The city of London is not the only one of its kind, there are several other cities with the same name in the world, they are located in the USA, Canada and some other countries. Interestingly, Canadian London, like the capital of Great Britain, is located on the River Thames.
The oldest church in Moscow is the Kremlin Uspensky Cathedral, built in 1475-1479.
The highest monument is the 107-metre-tall obelisk called "To the Conquerors of Space" (1967) located in Prospect Mira.
The first theatre open to the public was established in Red Square, near the Nikolaevskaya Tower of the Kremlin, in 1702-03, by order of Tsar Peter I. Today, there are about 200 theatres in Moscow, the oldest of which is the Moscow University Student Theatre.
The first museum in Moscow was established in 1791. It was the Moscow University Exhibition of Natural History, later renamed as the Zoological Museum. The oldest parks in Moscow are Alexandrovsky Park, Neskutchny Park, and Hermitage Park, built in the 18 and 19-th centuries.
The largest of Moscow's 500 libraries is the Russian State Library (the former Lenin Library), with a depository of over 40 million pieces in 247 languages.
The Moscow Zoo, founded in 1864, is the largest zoo in Russia. It contains more than 3,000 specimen of 550 species.
The first sports stadium appeared in the vicinity of Petrovka Street in the second half of the 19tn century. Its playing surface has survived and exists today, but cannot be seen from the street because it is hidden from view by tall buildings.
The oldest clock in Moscow is the Kremlin Chimes. The largest clock in all Russia is on the main building of Moscow University. The clock face has a diameter of 9 metres. The minute hand is 4.2 metres long and weighs 50 kilograms. The hour hand is 50 centimetres shorter and 11 kilograms lighter.
The total length of Moscow streets is 4,350 kilometres. To cover that distance on foot at an average speed of 5 km per hour, a pedestrian would have to walk nonstop for 36 days.
1.3. Similarities and differences between Moscow and London.
We’ve read many books and magazines about Moscow and London. We’ve searched the internet resource and as a result we’ve found lots of interesting and amazing facts about Moscow and London.
First some general facts.
Moscow is the capital of Russia.
London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom.
Both capitals Moscow and London are major global cities. It means that they are the world centres of politics, finance, education, entertainment, media, fashion, arts and culture.
Population of Moscow with Moscow region is over 17,000,000 (seventeen) people.
Population of London as a metropolitan region is about 12(twelve) million people. As we see, population of Moscow is larger, whereas, London is bigger in the size.
Moscow like London has its own emblem and flag.
Moscow is situated on the banks of the Moskva River, which is 503(five hundred and three) km long. Moscow famous bridges are the Bolshoy Kameny Bridge and the Krymsky Bridge.
London is situated on the banks of the River Thames, which is 346 (three hundred and forty-six) km long. London famous bridges are The Tower Bridge and The Westminster Bridge.
As we see, the Thames is shorter than the Moskva River; however, the Thames is the second longest river in the United Kingdom and the longest river in England, whereas, we can’t say the same about the Moskva River. However, we’ve found an interesting fact: the etymology of the river’s names is the same and means "dark". It shows that the history of these two capitals goes similar in spite of the fact that we live in different countries and speak different languages.
The Kremlin clock and Big Ben.
The Kremlin clock is the oldest mechanical tower clock in Russia and the world. In 2005(twenty o-five), the Kremlin clock turned 600 (six hundred) years.
Big Ben celebrated its 150th (one hundred and fifty) anniversary in May 2009 (twenty o-nine). Big Ben is much younger than the Kremlin clock, but Big Ben is famous for its reliability. These clocks are both symbols of the capitals and everyone can hear these clocks every hour.
Red Square and Trafalgar Square have been a central meeting place for the people in these capitals since the Middle Ages.
Nowadays Red Square and Trafalgar Square are both great tourist attractions.
The Bolshoi Theatre and The Royal Opera House.
A troupe of the Bolshoi Theatre was founded in 1776 (seventeen seventy- six). The Royal Opera House was opened in 1732 (seventeen thirty-two). They are both theatres, which hold performances of ballet and opera.
The buildings of both theatres were destroyed to the ground by fires a few times.
Unfortunately, at this time the Bolshoi Theatre is currently closed for restoration work. It is going to be opened in autumn 2011( twenty eleven).
The most popular transport in the capitals.
We found out that the London Underground is the oldest and the longest underground railway system in the world. It was opened in 1863 (eighteen sixty-three). It is the third busiest metro system in Europe after Paris and Moscow. It is often called the Tube.
The first line of Moscow Metro was opened to public in 1935 (nineteen thirty-five). The Moscow Metro is younger than the London Underground, however, it is well known all over the world for the design of its stations. We are proud of the beauty of Moscow Metro.
TV towers in Moscow and London.
The construction of the Ostankino Tower was completed in 1967(nineteen sixty-seven).
It is 540 (five hundred forty) metres tall.
The British Telecom Tower was officially opened in1965 (nineteen sixty-five).
The BT Tower is 189 (one hundred eighty-nine) metres tall.
As we see, Ostankino Tower is much taller than the BT Tower.
However, they both have rotating restaurants and the observation platforms. Unfortunately, they were closed after the accidents but they are going to be reopened for visitors soon again.
Moscow and London are green cities. Parks of Moscow and London are very popular with tourists and people who live there. Likely, we can tell you that there are 27(twenty-seven) square meters of parks per person in Moscow compared to 7.5(seven and a half) square meters in London.
Part II. The population and religion of two countries
2.1 The population of Moscow and London.
Moscow is the capital city and most populous federal subject of Russia, and the northernmost megacity on the planet. It's also the most populous city in Europe and the 5th largest city proper on the earth.
According to the data on the number of permanent population of Russia by region the number of resident population of Moscow on January 1, 2015 amounts to 12,197,596 people. The resident population of Moscow on January 1, 2014 amounted to 12,108,257 people. During the year increased by 89 339 people (previous year increase was 128,728 persons). The most populated administrative district of Moscow - South - with the number of resident population of 1,760,813 people. (See Appendix 1.1)).
At the time of the official Census, the ethnic makeup of the city's population was:
Russian: 9,930,410 (91.65%)
Ukrainian: 154,104 (1.42%)
Tatar: 149,043 (1.38%)
Armenian: 106,466 (0.98%)
Azeri: 57,123 (0.5%)
Belarusian: 39,225 (0.4%)
Georgian: 38,934 (0.4%)
Uzbek: 35,595 (0.3%)
Tajik: 27,280 (0.2%)
Moldovan: 21,699 (0.2%)
: 17,095 (0.2%)
Chechen: 14,524 (0.1%)
Chuvash: 14,313 (0.1%)
Ossetian: 11,311 (0.1%)
Others: 164,825 (1.6%)
668,409 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group
The 2015 census recorded that 2,998,264 people or 36.7% of London's population are foreign-born making London the city with the second largest immigrant population, behind New York City. In terms of population, London is the 19th largest city and the 18th largest metropolitan region in the world. London has a population of 8.63 million people and the third of the residents of the capital - they are representatives of ethnic minorities. Often in the world capitals of members of particular ethnic groups live within the same district. In London, as their number rarely exceeds half the total number of district residents. In almost every metropolitan borough sounds about a hundred different languages. (See Appendix 1.2)).
At the time of the official Census, the ethnic makeup of the city's population was:
According to the Office for National Statistics, based on Census estimates, 59.8 per cent of the 8,173,941 inhabitants of London were White, with 44.9 per cent White British, 2.2 per cent White Irish, 0.1 per cent gypsy/Irish traveller and 12.1 per cent classified as Other White. (See Appendix 1.3))
20.9 per cent of Londoners are of Asian and mixed-Asian descent. 19.7 per cent are of full Asian descent, with those of mixed-Asian heritage comprising 1.2 of the population. Indians account for 6.6 per cent of the population, followed by Pakistanis and Bangladeshis at 2.7 per cent each. Chinese peoples account for 1.5 per cent of the population, with Arabs comprising 1.3 per cent. A further 4.9 per cent are classified as "Other Asian".
15.6 per cent of London's population are of Black and mixed-Black descent. 13.3 per cent are of full Black descent, with those of mixed-Black heritage comprising 2.3 per cent. Black Africans account for 7.0 per cent of London's population, with 4.2 per cent as Black Caribbean and 2.1 per cent as "Other Black". 5.0 per cent are of mixed race.
2.2 Religion of Moscow and London.
Moscow is Russia’s capital of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has been the country’s traditional religion and was deemed a part of Russia’s “historical heritage” in a law passed in 1997.
Other religions practiced in Moscow include Armenian Apostolicism, Buddhism, Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, Old Believers, Protestantism, and Rodnovery.
The Patriarch of Moscow serves as the head of the church and resides in the Danilov Monastery. Moscow was called the “city of 40 times 40 churches”-”город сорока сороков церквей”—prior to 1917.
In 1918 the Bolshevik government declared Russia a secular state, which in practice meant that religion was repressed and society was to become atheistic.
During the period of 1920-1930s a great number of churches in Moscow were demolished, including historical Chudov Monastery in the Kremlin, dating from the 14th century, Kazansky Cathedral on the Red Square, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, constructed in the 19th century in memory of a victory over Napoleon’s army in 1812, and many more.
This continued even after the Second World War, in 1940-1970s, when persecutions against religion in the Soviet Union became less severe. Most of the surviving churches and monasteries were closed and then used as clubs, offices, factories or even warehouses.
Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 many of the destroyed churches have been restored and traditional religions are once again gaining popularity. Among the churches reconstructed in the 1990s is an impressive new Cathedral of Christ the Savior which once more has become a picturesque landmark of the city.
Muslims constitute around 1.5 million, that is 14% of the population. There are four mosques in the city.
Religious statistics, you can see in Appendix 1. 4)
London has traditionally been Christian, and has a large number of churches, particularly in the City of London. According to the Census, the largest religious groupings are Christians (48.4 per cent), followed by those of no religion (20.7 per cent), Muslims (12.4 per cent), no response (8.5 per cent), Hindus (5.0 per cent), Jews (1.8 per cent), Sikhs (1.5 per cent), Buddhists (1.0 per cent) and other (0.6 per cent).
The well-known St Paul's Cathedral in the City and Southwark Cathedral south of the river are Anglican administrative centres, while the Archbishop of Canterbury, principal bishop of the Church of England and worldwide Anglican Communion, has his main residence at Lambeth Palace in the London Borough of Lambeth.
London is also home to sizeable Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, and Jewish communities. Notable mosques include the East London Mosque in Tower Hamlets, London Central Mosque on the edge of Regent's Park and the Baitul Futuh Mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. London is also home to 42 Hindu temples. There are Sikh communities in East and West London, particularly in Southall, home to one of the largest Sikh populations and the largest Sikh temple outside India.
Religious statistics, you can see in Appendix 1. 5).
Part III. Creating a lapbook.
. The concept of the word lapbook.
The first thing you need to remember is what is a lepbook.
Lepbook - a folder containing many colorful windows, which contain information related to the stoic or another topic.
Lepbook is intended for fast remembering of themes and fastening of the information which we have received at lessons, as it is possible to use lepbook as a gift for the native and close people.
For several years I studied and compared the two capitals: Moscow and London. In my product, I would like this very information:
1) Poems of London and Moscow.
2) Quotes from famous people.
3) Photographs of various attractions.
4) Riddles about various attractions.
5) Funny and interesting facts about London and Moscow.
6) Maps which help tourists navigate the terrain.
And so at first I decided to create a template lepbook. After that I started to create the most. In order to create the lepbook myself I need:
1) the folder,
2) a lot of pictures, photos of attractions,
3) colored cardboard and paper,
4) various information about Moscow,
5) colored envelopes.
3.2. Description of the process of creating lapbooks.
So, let's begin! Envelopes should be set up, which would be the representatives of their colorful. For this I used a colored cardboard and paper. Then take a folder and place it on a certain scenario (in my template) envelopes. They will store a variety of photos, pictures, riddles, quotes and sayings. To this end, I found different picture of London’s and Moscow’s attractions. I invented puzzles, the answers to which will be presented on the back side. And I found a poem on the Internet related to the people who worked on this home and attractions that distinguish this capital city from others. It is also necessary to find quotes and sayings of famous people of London and Moscow, who live in different countries, they allow us to ask the opinion of other people about the capital.
All the information that I found in the course of research should be not only presented in colorful form, but also should be thoughtless, that is, on the topic, and also set out in an interesting format. I also took advantage of my project, which is created in the past year in order to accommodate the results of the survey on the topic: "What would you like to visit London or Moscow?", I created a chart that clearly shows the percentage of what the guys want to see a greater degree of . This survey involved students sixth and seventh grades. But what is strange is turned London.
Equally important it seemed to me to give to my lepbook brief but interesting facts about London that would help children get acquainted with the capital of the UK and the Russian Federation. I also found it necessary to place a card catalog that would help tourists navigate the terrain. Maps are very colorful, which allows us to consider the exact objects are all around us.
I want to create my own lepbook so that in my class, as well as other students can use my product during the lesson for repetition, and perhaps to learn new material.
Basically, I was guided by the works that I wrote grades 5-8, because my theme every year was connected with the capital of Russia - Moscow, then with the capital of Great Britain - London. All the important parts that I used to create lepbook, you can see in the applications. While I was doing this work, I was convinced that creating lepbook is an exciting, interesting and intellectual activity. This activity can be done by each of us because it is not only exciting and entertaining, but it will help us when it is necessary to remember this or that information, that is, to fix the material. All the important parts that I used when creating lepbooks can be viewed in the annexes.
In my lapbook I put a lot of very interesting and fascinating information that will help me and my classmates to generalize information with Moscow and London. Now I have finally learned how to present information not only in the form of text, but also interactive information. I really liked the creation of lapbook and now I can use these acquired knowledge to generalize information on other subjects. I think that working on the project will help to solve the problem, achieve their goals and solve this problem.
Учебник «Enjoy English-5-6, Unit 5»
Учебник «Enjoy English-7»
Учебник «English 8»
Страны СоединенногоКоролевства: Лингвострановед. справ./Сост. Г.Д.Томахин. –2-е изд. – М.: Просвещение, 2001.
Addendum 1. Tables and charts.